Voluntary Belonging to the Community
The Modern era introduced the element of voluntary adherence to the religion as opposed to the traditional norm whereby one was bound to lead a Jewish life once born into it. This was particularly observed in the west as the system there introduced religious voluntarism upon every citizen, regardless of the religious demands. This effect is most common among countries that have separated the state from the religion. Countries with allegiance to religion, mostly Muslim, emphasize the practice of the religion upon their citizens, and often go to an extent of making it part of the legislative consideration during decision-making by the ruling authority.
Modernity has also led to the rise of different forms of Judaism. This is due to the fact that the religion, like its competitors, gears towards increasing the number of its followers by adopting adherence to their social and cultural orientation. This term has been labeled religious assimilation. As a result, it has had to shed its coercive stance towards such societal practices as marriage, interfaith dialogue, gender relations and expressions, and angulation towards particularity and universalism, among others. In order to maintain this new religious assimilations, a number of their doctrines had to be either softened or eradicated from their set of laws and religious practices expected to define their followers’ lives.
In addition to this, the religion lost a significant number of their followers over the past 200 years, accredited to several historical events that saw them get dispersed to various parts of the world, far away from their home. This, consequently, led to their preference for the religious practices they found there, as they were less stern and somewhat similar on a number of aspects such as monotheism, among others.
The rabbi of the new modernized Judaism does not wield the final authority as he did in the early Judaic times. He only plays the role of an influential authority whose word is taken as advice to guide the listeners towards making their own independent decisions. Moreover, unlike the traditional ways, no consequence is laid upon the audience if it so chooses to go against the recommendations of the rabbi. The audience now adheres only to the legal authority, and voluntarily to the religious leaders.
Economic effects seen to influence the Judaism doctrine are that, unlike the traditional times, the followers are not required to pay their tithes and religious offerings to the church. They only choose to do so as an independent decision, with little influence from the church itself.