An advertisement is placed in a poor country or neighborhood indicating the availability of lucrative positions in a country considered well off by the host country of the victim. Once the victim sees this post, he/she contacts the advertiser. The victim is then told of an array of job opportunities that do not require much qualification, as most of them do not have them anyway. He/she is then told to pay a certain one-time amount that is to cater for travel expenses and processing of travel documents. This figure is often high and is either payable instantly or in installments from the expected earnings abroad. However, when he/she gets to the destination country, the victim often ends up in sweatshops or brothels with no means of contacting anyone they know, and in a country where everyone is a stranger. They are also normally without identification documents as these are withheld until they clear their contract periods, plus accommodation and meals, among other expenses.
Causes of Human Trafficking
Some local conditions within the home countries of the victims make them consider the thought of a better life outside their country, which gets them to look forward to any opportunity they might get of moving out to countries projected to have better living conditions (Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe 2014). Such conditions include poverty, human rights violations, heightened insecurity, war and instability, as well as civil unrest. These factors constantly displace populations and are therefore motivating factors towards considering any reason to leave the country.
Efforts to End Human Trafficking
A country such as the United States has taken a number of measures towards curbing the rise of human trafficking. This strategy involves the 3P Approach. This approach involves Prevention, Prosecution, and Protection. What it means is that they prevent the spread of human trafficking by solving any social issues that may motivate individuals to consider falling prey to their nets, they prosecute strictly those identified to facilitate human trafficking and finally they protect victims of human trafficking from torture by helping them back to their home countries.
Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe. Addressing the Root Causes of
Trafficking. Toolkit to Combat Trafficking of Persons. Bern. 2014: 454 – 456. Print.